French Marines in Yorktown Campaign 1781

I found this wonderful listing of the French “Marine” detachment that served ashore at Yorktown (actually Gloucester) in 1781. The full text and source can be found at: http://xenophongroup.com/mcjoynt/800.htm, which has some excellent research so please go and read the original source. I suspect that the Marine detachment was organized into two battalions (each of 400 men), but I have yet to find a primary source that confirms that.

 

Following chart is based upon data from the journal of Joachim du Perron, comte de Revel, Sous-Lieutenant au Régiment de Monsieur-Infanterie, Journal Particulier d’une Campagne Aux Indies Occidentales (1781-1782), Paris, 1898; with added data [corrected name spellings, etc.] on officers from Colonel Gilbert Bodinier’s Les Officiers de l’Armée Royale, combattants de la guerre d’Indépendance des Etats-Unis De Yorktown à l’an II (SHAT, Château de Vincennes, 1983).

 

Regiment Detachments Number of R&F Assigned Ship Detachment Commanding Officers
Colonel-général 30 Jason de Besson, lieut.
Colonel-général 40 Duc-de-Bourgogne de la Motte, lieut.
Angoumois   Duc-de-Bourgogne de Taschereau, lieut.
de Belmon, s-lieut.
Picardie 75 Ville-de-Paris de Boishue, cap. *
de Bossard. Lieut. *
de Guingene, lieut.
Bresse 40 Neptune de Combette, cap.
Brie 75 Hector de Legge, lieut.
de Sers, s-lieut.
Du Maine 75 Zélé de Cabrelles, cap
de Vidal, s-lieut.
Du Maine 75 Marseillais de Tessonet, lieut.
de Nantiat, s-lieut.
La Sarre 30 Conquérant de Laubanie, cap.
Bourbon 30 Eveillé de Boquemare, cap.
Monsieur 75 Languedoc de Saint-Quentin, cap.
du Perron, s-lieut.
Angoumois 75 Northumberland de Vidart, cap.
La Rouvière, s-lieut.
Angoumois 75 Scipion Le Grand, lieut.
de Chazelles, s-lieut.
Rohan-Soubise 30 La Provence de Gardis, lieut.

Total

800   23

* Capitaine de Boishue and Lieutenant de Bossard [indicated in the above chart as aboard the Ville-de-Paris ] were lent by de Grasse to serve as de Choisy’s administrative staff [‘major’ and ‘aide-major’] (Du Perron’s Journal, p. 141).

 

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